Miguel B. Araújo


My research focuses on the development of reserve-selection techniques that are more robust to local extinctions of species. Because there is often not enough information on the distribution of valued biodiversity, I also investigate surrogate-strategies for conservation planning. More broadly, I am interested in studying patterns and processes affecting occurrence, diversity and persistence of species at different spatial and temporal scales.




· 1997-00, PhD Geography, University College, London

· 1994-95, MSc Conservation, University College, London

· 1990-94, BSc, Geography and Regional Planning, New University of Lisbon


Short courses

· 1997, University College, London, J. Birks, Numerical Analysis of Ecological Data

· 1997, University of Sidney, A. Underwood, Experimental Design in Ecology

· 1997, University of Plymouth, B. Clark, Multivariate Analysis using PRIMER

· 1996, IDRISI Project, Geographical Information Systems




Current position

· 2004-04, Visiting researcher, School of Geography and the Environment, University of Oxford, UK

· 2001-04, Associate researcher, Macroecology and Conservation Unit, University of Évora, Portugal


Previous positions

· 2001-03, Visiting researcher, Centre d’Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive, CNRS, Montpellier, France

· 1997-00, Doctoral researcher, Biogeography and Conservation Laboratory, The Natural History Museum, London, UK

· 1996-97, Research Assistant, Centre of Applied Ecology, University of Évora, Portugal


Short stays in other labs

· May 2004, Finnish Environmental Institute, Helsinki, Finland (with Risto Heikkinen)

· April 2003, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, Madrid, Spain (with Jorge Lobo)

· October 2002, National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis, Santa Barbara, USA (with Sandy Andelman)

· September 2001, Metapopulation Research Group, University of Helsinki, Finland (with Mar Cabeza and Atte Moilanen)

· September-November 1995, Biogeography and Conservation Laboratory, The Natural History Museum, London, UK (with Dick Vane-Wright)






In review or near submission

Araújo, M.B., Thuiller, W. & Lavorel, S. Assessing vulnerability of biodiversity to global change in Europe. Ecological Monographs. Near submission

Thuiller, W., Lavorel, S. & Araújo, M.B. Niche properties as predictors of species sensitivity to climate change. Ecology Letters. In review

Williams, P.H., Hannah, L., Andelman, S., Midgley, G., Araújo, M.B., Hughes, G., Manne, L., Martinez-Meyer, E. and Pearson, R. Planning for climate change: Identifying dispersal corridors and protected areas for the Cape Proteaceae. Biological Conservation. Near submission


Published, in press or accepted

1. Araújo, M.B. 2004. Matching species with reserves: uncertainties from using data at different resolutions. Biological Conservation. In press

2. Araújo, M.B., Cabeza, M., Thuiller, W., Hannah, L., Williams, P.H. 2004. Would climate change drive species out of reserves? An assessment of existing reserve-selection methods. Global Change Biology. Accepted

3. Araújo, M.B., Densham, P.J. & Williams, P.H. 2004. Representing species in reserves from patterns of assemblage diversity. Journal of Biogeography. In press

4. Araújo, M.B., Thuiller, W., Williams, P.H. & Reginster, I. 2004. Downscaling European species atlas distributions to a finer resolution: implications for conservation planning. Global Ecology and Biogeography. Accepted

5. Brotons, L., Thuiller, W., Araújo, M.B. & Hirzel, A.H. 2004. Presence-absence versus presence-only habitat suitability models: the role of species ecology and prevalence. Ecography. Accepted

6. Cabeza, M., Araújo, M.B., Wilson, R.J., Thomas, C.D., Cowley, M.J.R. & Moilanen, A. 2004. Combining probabilities of occurrence with spatial reserve design. Journal of Applied Ecology. In press

7. Segurado, P. & Araújo, M.B. 2004. An evaluation of methods for modelling species distributions. Journal of Biogeography. In press

8. Thuiller, W., Araújo, M.B. & Lavorel, S. 2004. Do we need land-cover data to predict species distributions in Europe? Journal of Biogeography, in press

9. Thuiller, W., Brotons, L., Araújo, M.B. & Lavorel, S. 2004. Effects of restricting environmental range of data to project current and future species distributions. Ecography. In press

10. Araújo, M.B., Densham, P.J. & Humphries, C.J. 2003. Predicting species diversity with ED: the quest for evidence. Ecography 26: 380-384.

11. Araújo, M.B. 2003. The coincidence of people and biodiversity in Europe. Global Ecology and Biogeography12: 5-12.

12. Thuiller, W., Araújo, M.B. & Lavorel, S. 2003. Generalized models versus classification tree analysis: predicting spatial distributions of plant species at different scales. Journal of Vegetation Science 14: 669-680

13. Araújo, M.B. 2002. Biodiversity hotspots and zones of ecological transition. Conservation Biology 16: 1662-1663. 

14. Araújo, M.B., Williams, P.H. & Fuller, R. 2002a. Dynamics of extinction and the selection of nature reserves. Proceedings of the Royal Society London B269: 1971-80.

15. Araújo, M.B., Williams, P.H. & Turner, A. 2002b. A sequential approach to minimize threats within selected conservation areas. Biodiversity and Conservation 11: 1011-1024.

16. Williams, P.H. & Araújo, M.B. 2002. Apples, oranges and probabilities: integrating multiple factors into biodiversity conservation with consistency. Environmental Modeling and Assessment 7: 139-151. 

17. Araújo, M.B. & Williams, P.H. 2001. The bias of complementary hotspots toward marginal populations. Conservation Biology 15: 1710-1720.

18. Araújo, M.B., Densham, P.J., Lampinen, R., Hagemeijer, W.J.M., Mitchell-Jones, A.J., Gasc, J.P. & Humphries, C.J. 2001. Would environmental diversity be a good surrogate for species diversity? Ecography 24: 103-110. 

19. Araújo, M.B. & Williams, P.H. 2000. Selecting areas for species persistence using occurrence data. Biological Conservation 96: 331-45 

20. Borralho, R., Stoate, C. & Araújo, M.B. 2000. Factors affecting the distribution of Red-legged Partridges Alectoris rufa in an agricultural landscape of southern Portugal. Bird Study 47: 304-10. 

21. Sérgio, C., Araújo, M.B. & Drapper, D. 2000. Portuguese bryophyte diversity and priority areas for conservation. Lindbergia 25: 116-123. 

22. Stoate, C., Borralho, R. & Araújo, M.B. 2000. Factors affecting Corn bunting Miliaria calandra abundance in a Portuguese agricultural landscape. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 77: 219- 26. 

23. Williams, P.H. & Araújo, M.B. 2000. Using probability of persistence to identify important areas for biodiversity. Proceedings of the Royal Society London B 267: 1959-66. 

24. Williams, P.H., Humphries, C.J., Araújo, M.B., Lampinen, R., Hagemeijer, W., Gasc, J-P. & Mitchell-Jones. A. 2000. Endemism and important areas for conserving European biodiversity: a preliminary exploration of Atlas data for plants and terrestrial vertebrates. Belgian Journal of Entomology 2: 21-46. 

25. Araújo, M.B. 1999. Distribution patterns of biodiversity and the design of a representative reserve network in Portugal. Diversity and Distributions 5: 151-63. 

26. Humphries, C.J., Araújo, M.B., Williams, P.H., Lampinen, R., Lathi, T., Uotila, P. 1999. Plant diversity in Europe: Atlas Florae Europaeae and WORLDMAP. Acta Botanica Fennica 162: 11-21.



1. Lobo, J.M. & Araújo, M.B. 2003. La aplicación de datos faunísticos para el diseńo de redes de reservas: el caso de los anfibios y reptiles de la Península Ibérica. Graesellia, in press

2. Williams, P.H. & Araújo, M.B. 2000. Integrating species and ecosystem monitoring for identifying conservation priorities. European Conservation 4: 17-18. 

3. Araújo, M.B. & Sérgio, C. 1999. Gap Analysis: vantagens e desvantagens para uma avaliaçăo da Rede Natura 2000 em Portugal. Boletim da Sociedade Portuguesa de Entomologia 6: 13-20.

4. Araújo, M.B. 1998. Avaliaçăo da biodiversidade em conservaçăo. Silva Lusitana 6: 19-40. 

5. Araújo, M.B. 1995. Basis for establishing a management plan for conservation and sustainable development in the Pantanal (Brazil). The European Geographer 9: 15-21.